Intricate, multi-layer, diamond pattern with multiple embedded shapes of black, beige, red, blue.


This bibliography integrates the digital humanities projects and primary and seconary materials cited elsewhere on the Undisciplining the Victorian Classroom project site. Users are also encouraged to visit our main Zotero library, which provides access to the original database entries from which the following bibliography derives.

Digital Projects & Collections

Digital Library of the Caribbean (DLOC). Digital Library of the Caribbean, n.d.

Hawthorne, Walter, et al. Enslaved: Peoples of the Historical Slave Trade, 2018.

Hidden Histories: The First Black People Photographed in Britain-in Pictures.” The Guardian, 15 Sept. 2014.

Lovejoy, Henry B. Liberated Africans. University of Colorado Boulder, 2016.

Hidden Histories of Exploration. Royal Geographical Society, n.d.

Smith, Matthew J., and Catherine Hall. Legacies of British Slave-Ownership. University of College London, Department of History, 2021.

Wisnicki, Adrian S, dev. One More Voice (an imprint of Livingstone Online), new dawn ed., 2021.

Primary Materials

A Tread-Mill Scene in Jamaica. 1837. Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division.

A Woman Attacked by a Crocodile Emerging from the Water, in Central Africa. 1865. Wellcome Library, 561388i.

African Civilization Society. “(1858) Constitution of the African Civilization Society.” Blackpast, 2009.

Barrett Browning, Elizabeth. “The Runaway Slave At Pilgrim’s Point” (PDF). The Complete Works of Elizabeth Barrett Browning, edited by Charlotte Porter and Helen A. Clarke, vol. III, Thomas Y. Crowell & Co. Publishers, 1900, pp. 160–71.

Barton, Clara. “Women Who Went to the Field.” 1892. American Battlefield Trust, n.d.

Bennett-Coverley, Louise. 1966. “Colonization in Reverse.” Best Poems, n.d.

Blake, William. “The Little Black Boy Illustrated Plates.” Blake Archive, 2021.

---. “The Little Black Boy.” 1789. Poetry Foundation, n.d.

Booth, Joseph. Africa for the African. n.p., 1897.

Brontë, Charlotte. Jane Eyre: An Autobiography. 1847. Oxford University Press, 2019.

Brown, William Wells. Clotel, or the President’s Daughter. 1853. Edited by Geoffrey Sanborn, Broadview Press, 2016.

Browning, Robert. 1842. “My Last Duchess.” Poetry Foundation, n.d.

Buchan, John. Prester John. 1910. Project Gutenberg, 1996.

Conrad, Joseph. Heart of Darkness. Edited by Paul Armstrong, 4th ed., Norton, 2005.

Cowper, William, and Humphrey Sumner Milford. “The Negro’s Complaint.” The Complete Poetical Works of William Cowper, Oxford University Press, 1911, pp. 371–72.

Dalziel, Thomas Bolton Gilchrist Septimus. The Black Question. 1866. The Victorian Web.

David Livingstone’s Steamboat, the Ma-Robert, on the Zambezi River; Crocodiles in the Foreground. Wellcome Library, 561391i.

Dhlomo, R. R. R. An African Tragedy. Lovedale Press, 1928.

Dominique, Lyndon J., editor. The Woman of Colour: A Tale. 1808. Broadview Press, 2008.

Dunn, James L. “Angel of the Battlefield Letter.” 17 Sept. 1862. National Museum of Civil War Medicine, n.d..

Equiano, Olaudah. The Interesting Narrative of the Life of Olaudah Equiano, or Gustavus Vassa, the African, Written by Himself. 1789.

Garvey, Marcus. Philosophy and Opinions of Marcus Garvey. 1925. Ravenio Books, 2015.

Gregson v. Gilbert (PDF). 1783. 3 Doug 232, 99 ER 629.

Gouldsbury, [Henry] Cullen. God’s Outpost. Nash, 1907.

Gyasi, Yaa. Homegoing. Vintage Books, 2016.

Haggard, H. Rider. The Ghost Kings. 1908. Project Gutenberg, 2003, 2005.

---. Cetewayo and His White Neighbors. 1882. Project Gutenberg, 2006.

Hayford, J. E. Casely. Ethiopia Unbound: Studies in Race Emancipation. C.M. Phillips, 1911.

Horton, James Africanus B. Physical and Medical Climate and Meteorology of the West Coast of Africa with Valuable Hints to Europeans for the Preservation of Health in the Tropics. John Churchill & Sons, 1867.

Illustrated Scenes. The Negro’s Complaint: A Poem, by William Cowper, Harvey & Darton, 1826, p. 22. British Library Board, T.1271(1).

James, Marlon. The Book of Night Women. Riverhead, 2009.

Jekyll, Walter. “Preface to ‘Songs of Jamaica’ (1912).” 1912. Songs of Jamaica (1912): Digital Edition, edited by Amardeep Singh, Lehigh University, 2017.

Jones, Roderick. “The Black Peril in South Africa.” The Nineteenth Century and After, vol. 55, no. 327, May 1904, pp. 712–33.

Livingstone, David. Livingstone's Missionary Travels Manuscript, directed by Justin D. Livingstone and Adrian S. Wisnicki, first ed, peer rev. and revision, Livingstone Online, directed by Adrian S. Wisnicki and Megan Ward, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, 2019-20.

Lockyer, Bridget, and Abigail Tazzymant. “‘Victims of History’: Challenging Students’ Perceptions of Women in History.” Teaching History, no. 165, 2016, pp. 8–15.

Longfellow, Henry Wadsworth. “Saint Filomena.” The Complete Poetical Works of Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, Riverside Press, 1883, pp. 173–74.

Man on Horseback Accompanied by Men with Spears; Man Kneeling Below Tree. Travels in the Interior of Africa, by Mungo Park, Adam and Charles Black, North Bridge, 1858, frontispiece.

Marchant, Bessie. Molly of One Tree Bend. Butcher, 1910.

Martineau, Harriet. Life in the Sick-Room. 1844. Edited by Maria Frawley, Broadview Press, 2003.

Mary Seacole [Headstone]. 1973. St. Mary’s Roman Catholic Cemetery, Kensal Green, London, Memorial ID: 9068802.

McKay, Claude. “Quashie and Buccra.” 1912. Songs of Jamaica (1912): Digital Edition, edited by Amardeep Singh, Lehigh University, 2017.

Mercy Street. Public Broadcasting Service (PBS), 2017 2016.

Nightingale, Florence. Subsidiary Notes as to the Introduction of Female Nursing into Military Hospitals in Peace and in War. Harrison and Sons, St. Martin’s Lane, 1858.

---. Notes on Nursing. 1860. Digital Library, University of Pennsylvania, n.d.

---. Cassandra. 1852. The Feminist Press at City University of New York, 1979.

---. Letter to Harry Verney [About Mary Seacole]. 5 Aug. 1870. Wellcome Library, Ms 9004/60.

Perry, Seamus. “‘The Charge of the Light Brigade’: Making Poetry from War.” Discovering Literature: Romantics and Victorians, The British Library, n.d.

Philip, M. NourbeSe. Zong! Wesleyan University Press, 2008.

Plaatje, Sol T. Mhudi. Lovedale Press, 1930.

---. Native Life in South Africa. King, 1916.

Prince, Mary. The History of Mary Prince, a West Indian Slave. Related by Herself. With a Supplement by the Editor. To Which Is Added, the Narrative of Asa-Asa, a Captured African. F. Westley and A.H. Davis; Waugh & Innes, 1831.

---. The History of Mary Prince, a West Indian Slave. Related by Herself. With a Supplement by the Editor. To Which Is Added, the Narrative of Asa-Asa, a Captured African. 1831. Documenting the American South. 2000

---. The History of Mary Prince. 1831. Edited by Sarah Salih, Penguin, 2000.

Pringle, Thomas. “Song of the Wild Bushman.” 1825. The Poetical Works of Thomas Pringle, Edward Moxon, 1839, pp. 11–12.

---. “The Kosa.” 1828. The Poetical Works of Thomas Pringle, Edward Moxon, 1839, pp. 13–15.

---. “The Slave Dealer.” 1828. The Poetical Works of Thomas Pringle, Edward Moxon, 1839, pp. 58–59.

---. “The Bechuana Boy.” 1830. The Poetical Works of Thomas Pringle, Edward Moxon, 1839, pp. 3–8.

---. Narrative of a Residence in South Africa. 1834. New ed., Edward Moxon, 1835.

Punch Magazine. “A Stir for Seacole.” 1856. The Dictionary of Victorian London, 2016.

Rhys, Jean. Wide Sargasso Sea. Norton, 1966.

Schreiner, Olive. “Eighteen-Nintey-Nine.” 1923. Stories, Dreams, and Allegories, Victorian Women Writers Project, 2021.

---. “The Supreme Question for South Africa: A Warning and An Appeal, ‘The Native Problem in South Africa.’” Review of Reviews, vol. 39, no. 230, Feb. 1909, pp. 138–41.

---. Trooper Peter Halket of Mashonaland. 1897. Project Gutenberg, 1998, 2008.

---. The Story of an African Farm. 1883. Project Gutenberg, 1998.

Seacole, Mary. Wonderful Adventures of Mrs. Seacole in Many Lands. 1857. Digital Library, University of Pennsylvania, n.d.

---. Wonderful Adventures of Mrs. Seacole in Many Lands. 1857. Edited by Sarah Salih, Penguin Books, 2005.

Solomon, Rebecca. The Young Teacher. 1861. Wikipedia.

Smith, Zadie. “Postscript: Contempt as a Virus.” Intimations: Six Essays, Penguin, 2020.

Spencer, Anne. “Before the Feast of Shushan (Version 2).” 1920. Women of the Early Harlem Renaissance: African American Women Writers 1900-1922, edited by Amardeep Singh, digital ed., Lehigh University, 2018.

Taylor, Susie King. Reminiscences of My Life in Camp with the 33rd United States Colored Troops, Late 1st S.C. Volunteers. 1902. Documenting the American South, 1999.

Tenniel, John. The Jamaica Question. 23 Dec. 1865. Punch [website].

Tennyson, Alfred Lord. “Charge of the Light Brigade.” 1890. Poetry Archive, n.d. The sound recording on this site comes frm the British Library Sound Archive.

---. Maud: A Monodrama. 1855. Macmillan & Co., 1893.

The Negro’s Complaint. 1788–1870. Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, Photographs and Prints Division, The New York Public Library, The New York Public Library Digital Collections.

Trollope, Anthony. South Africa. 4th ed., 2 vols., Chapman and Hall, 1878. Volume 1. Volume 2.

Turner, Henry McNeal. “Emigration.” 1 Apr. 1900. Black Nationalism in America, edited by John H. Bracey et al., Bobbs-Merrill, 1970, p. 176.

---. “The Negro Has Not Sense Enough.” 1 July 1900. Black Nationalism in America, edited by John H. Bracey et al., Bobbs-Merrill, 1970, pp. 172–75.

Secondary Materials

Aguirre, Robert D. Informal Empire: Mexico and Central America in Victorian Culture. University of Minnesota Press, 2004.

Alexander, Ziggi. “Let It Lie Upon the Table: The Status of Black Women’s Biography in the UK.” Gender & History, vol. 2, no. 1, 1990, pp. 22–33.

Aljoe, Nicole N., and Elizabeth Maddock Dillon. Early Caribbean Digital Archive (ECDA). Northeastern University NULab: for Texts, Maps, and Networks, 2021.

Anionwu, Elizabeth N. “Mary Seacole: Nursing Care in Many Lands.” British Journal of Healthcare Assistants, vol. 6, no. 5, Mark Allen Holdings Limited, 2012, pp. 244–48.

Anionwu, Elizabeth N., et al. “Mary Seacole: Global Nurse Extraordinaire.” Journal of Advanced Nursing, vol. 71, no. 3, 2015, pp. 514–25.

Astley, Thea. A Kindness Cup. Allen & Unwin, 1974.

Banerjee, Sukanya. “Transimperial.” Victorian Literature and Culture, vol. 46, 2018, pp. 925–27.

Banerjee, Sukanya, et al. “Introduction: Widening the Nineteenth Century.” Victorian Literature and Culture, vol. 49, no. 1, 2021, pp. 1–26.

Barrett, Jerry. Queen Victoria’s First Visit to Her Wounded Soldiers. 1856, . The National Portrait Gallery, NPG 6203.

Barringer, Tim, and Wayne Modest, editors. Victorian Jamaica. Duke University Press, 2018.

Bates, Rachel. “‘All Touched My Hand’: Queenly Sentiment and Royal Prerogative.” Interdisciplinary Studies in the Long Nineteenth Century, vol. 20, 2015, pp. 1–25.

Baucom, Ian. Specters of the Atlantic: Finance Capital, Slavery, and the Philosophy of History. Duke University Press, 2005.

Behrendt, Larissa. Finding Eliza: Power and Colonial Storytelling. University of Queensland Press, 2016.

Bennett-Coverley, Louise. Colonization in Reverse. Miss Lou, Yes M’Dear, Island Records, 1983. Audio recording.

Bentley, Nancy. “The Fourth Dimension: Kinlessness and African American Narrative.” Critical Inquiry, vol. 35, no. 2, 2009, pp. 270–92.

Bergner, Gwen. “Introduction: The Plantation, the Postplantation, and the Afterlives of Slavery.” American Literature, vol. 91, no. 3, 2019, pp. 447–57.

Biography of Seacole.” National Library of Jamaica, National Library of Jamaica, n.d.

Blumenthal, Rachel A. “Demanding Blood: Race, Injurability, and Textual Triage in Civil War Nurse Narratives.” Mississippi Quarterly, vol. 70, no. 4, 2017, pp. 439–52.

Brereton, Bridget. “Gendered Testimonies: Autobiographies, Diaries and Letters by  Women as Sources for Caribbean History.” Feminist Review, vol. 59, 1998, pp. 143–63.

Brodber, Erna. Nothing’s Mat. University of West Indies, 2014.

Brody, Jennifer Devere. Impossible Purities: Blackness, Femininity, and Victorian Culture. Duke University Press, 1998.

Buell, Lawrence, et al. “Literature and Environment.” Annual Review of Environment and Resources, vol. 36, 2011, pp. 417–40.

Burton, Antoinette. Empire in Question: Reading, Writing, and Teaching British Imperialism. Duke University Press, 2011.

Chang, Tan-Feng. “Creolizing the White Woman’s Burden: Mary Seacole Playing ‘Mother’ at the Colonial Crossroads between Panama and Crimea.” College Literature, vol. 44, no. 4, Johns Hopkins University Press, 2017, pp. 527–57.

Chatterjee, Ronjaunee, et al. “Undisciplining Victorian Studies.” Los Angeles Review of Books, 10 July 2020.

Cho, Sumi, et al. “Toward a Field of Intersectionality Studies: Theory, Applications, and Praxis.” Signs, vol. 38, no. 4, Summer 2013, pp. 785–810.

Choperena, Ana. “Triumphal Narratives in the American Civil War: A New Nursing Professional Identity.” Journal of Advanced Nursing, 2020, pp. 1–10.

Clendinnen, Inga. Dancing with Strangers: Europeans and Australians at First Contact. Cambridge University Press, 2005.

Cooper, Carolyn. “From ‘Centre’ to ‘Margin’: Turning History Upside Down.” Noises in the Blood: Orality, Gender, and the “Vulgar” Body of Jamaican Popular Culture, Duke University Press, 1995, pp. 174–98.

Crimean War.” National Army Museum, n.d.

Dabydeen, David. Turner: New and Selected Poems. 1994. Peepal Tree Press, 2002.

Dean, Erin. “A Legacy of Inclusion for Future Generations.” Nursing Standard, vol. 32, no. 6, 2017, p. 22.

Dellasega, C., et al. “The Humanities Interface of Nursing and Medicine.” Journal of Professional Nursing, vol. 23, no. 3, Elsevier Science, 2007, pp. 174–79.

DeLoughrey, Elizabeth. Allegories of the Anthropocene. Duke University Press, 2019.

DeLoughrey, Elizabeth, et al., editors. Global Ecologies and the Environmental Humanities: Postcolonial Approaches. Routledge, 2015.

Ducille, Ann. “Blacks of the Marrying Kind: Marriage Rites and the Right to Mary in the Time of Slavery.” Differences: A Journal of Feminist Cultural Studies, vol. 29, no. 2, 2018, pp. 21–67.

Dwyer, Claire, and Caroline Bressey. “Introduction.” New Geographies of Race and Racism, edited by Claire Dwyer and Caroline Bressey, Ashgate, 2008, pp. 1–13.

Edmundson, William. A History of the British Presence in Chile: From Bloody Mary to Charles Darwin and the Decline of British Influence. Palgrave Macmillan, 2009.

Fleming, Amy. “Sculptor Defends His Mary Seacole Statue: ‘If She Was White, Would There Be This Resistance?’The Guardian, 21 June 2016.

Fong, Ryan D. “The Stories Outside the African Farm: Indigeneity, Orality, and Unsettling the Victorian.” Victorian Studies, vol. 62, no. 3, Spring 2020, pp. 421–32.

Foucault, Michel. The History of Sexuality, Volume I: An Introduction. Translated by Robert Hurley, Vintage, 1990.

Free, Melissa. “‘There Will Be No More Kings in Africa’: Foreclosing Darkness in Prester John.” Beyond Gold and Diamonds: Genre, the Authorial Informant, and the British South African Novel, State University of New York Press, 2021, pp. 135–54.

Furneaux, Holly. “Reparative Soldiering and Its Limits: Cultures of Male Care-Giving.” Military Men of Feeling: Emotion, Touch, and Masculinity in the Crimean War, Oxford University Press, 2016, pp. 187–216.

---. Military Men of Feeling: Emotion, Touch, and Masculinity in the Crimean War. Oxford University Press, 2016.

Gallon, Kim. “Making a Case for the Black Digital Humanities.” Debates in the Digital Humanities 2016, edited by Matthew K. Gold and Lauren F. Klein, University of Minnesota Press, 2016.

Gikandi, Simon. “Mary Seacole: In and Out of Englishness.” Maps of Englishness: Writing Identity in the Culture of Colonialism, Columbia University Press, 1997, pp. 122–43.

---. Maps of Englishness: Writing Identity in the Culture of Colonialism. Columbia University Press, 1996.

Gilbert, Pamela K. “On Cholera in Nineteenth-Century England.” BRANCH: Britain, Representation and Nineteenth-Century History, edited by Dino Franco Felluga, 2012.

---. Cholera and Nation: Doctoring the Social Body in Victorian England. State University of New York Press, 2008.

Gilroy, Paul. The Black Atlantic: Modernity and Double Consciousness. Harvard University Press, 1995.

Glück, Louise. “Nobel Lecture” (PDF). The Nobel Foundation, 2020.

Graham, Maria. Journal of a Residence in Chile During the Year 1822, and a Voyage from Chile to Brazil in 1823. Edited by Jennifer Hayward, University of Virginia Press, 2003.

Greene, Roland, et al. “Dialect Poetry.” The Princeton Encyclopedia of Poetry and Poetics: Fourth Edition, Princeton University Press, 2012, pp. 355–56.

---. “Monologue.” The Princeton Encyclopedia of Poetry and Poetics: Fourth Edition, Princeton University Press, 2012, pp. 897–98.

Gregory, Melissa Valiska. “Race and the Dramatic Monologue.” Victorian Studies, vol. 62, no. 2, 2020, pp. 213–18.

Griffiths, Devin, and Deanna K. Kreisel. “Introduction: Open Ecologies.” Victorian Literature and Culture, vol. 48, no. 1, 2020, pp. 1–28.

Gunning, Sandra. “Traveling with Her Mother’s Tastes: The Negotiation of Gender, Race, and Location in ‘Wonderful Adventures of Mrs. Seacole in Many Lands.’Signs, vol. 26, no. 4, University of Chicago Press, 2001, pp. 949–81.

Hack, Daniel. The African Americanization of Victorian Literature. Princeton University Press, 2019.

Hadley, Louisa. Neo-Victorian Fiction and Historical Narrative: The Victorians and Us. Palgrave Macmillan, 2010.

Hall, Catherine. “Carlyle’s Occasion.” Civilising Subjects: Metropole and Colony in the English Imagination 1830-1867, University of Chicago Press, 2002, pp. 347–63.

Hartman, Saidiya V. “Innocent Amusements: The Stage of Sufferance.” Scenes of Subjection: Terror, Slavery, and Self-Making in Nineteenth-Century America, Oxford University Press, 1997, pp. 17–48.

---. “Venus in Two Acts.” Small Axe, vol. 12, no. 2, June 2008, pp. 1–14.

---. Scenes of Subjection: Terror, Slavery, and Self-Making in Nineteenth-Century America. Oxford University Press, 1997.

---. Wayward Lives, Beautiful Experiments: Intimate Histories of Social Upheaval. Norton, 2019.

Heilmann, Ann, and Mark Llewellyn. Neo-Victorianism: The Victorians in the  Twenty-First Century, 1999-2009. Palgrave Macmillan, 2010.

Heise, Ursula K. “Afterword: Postcolonial Ecocriticism and the Question of Literature.” Postcolonial Green: Environmental Politics and World Narratives, edited by Bonnie Roos and Alex Hunt, University of Virginia Press, 2010, pp. 251–58.

---. Sense of Place and Sense of Planet: The Environmental Imagination of the Global. Oxford University Press, 2008.

Helmstadter, Carol. Beyond Nightingale: Nursing on the Crimean War Battlefields. Manchester University Press, 2020.

Helmstadter, Carol, and Judith Godden. Nursing Before Nightingale, 1815-1899. Ashgate, 2012.

Hensley, Nathan K. “The Norton Anthology of English Literature, 10th Edition: Volume E, The Victorian Age. Reader’s Comments.” Nathan K. Hensley, 21 July 2020.

Hensley, Nathan K., and Philip Steer, editors. Ecological Form: System and Aesthetics in the Age of Empire. Fordam University Press, 2018.

Howell, Jessica. “Mrs. Seacole Prescribes Hybridity: Constitutional and Maternal Rhetoric in ‘Wonderful Adventures of Mrs. Seacole in Many Lands.’Victorian Literature and Culture, vol. 38, no. 1, Cambridge University Press, 2010, pp. 107–25.

Hughes, Kathryn. “Victorian Gender and Sexuality.” Discovering Literature: Romantics and Victorians, British Library, n.d.

Jackson, Chazeman S., and J. Nadine Gracia. “Addressing Health and Health-Care Disparities: The Role of a Diverse Workforce and the Social Determinants of Health.” Public Health Reports, vol. 129, no. Suppl. 2, 2014, pp. 57–61.

James, Winston. “Becoming the People’s Poet: Claude McKay’s Jamaican Years, 1889-1912.” Small Axe, vol. 7, no. 1, Mar. 2003, pp. 17–45.

Jennings, Martin, and Owen Blacker. “Mary Seacole.” Wikimedia Commons, 2016.

Kalu, Ogbu U. “Ethiopianism and the Roots of Modern African Christianity.” World Christianities, c.1815-1914, Cambridge University Press, 2008, pp. 576–92.

Karapetkova, Holly. “‘Chatterton, Shelley, Keats and I’: Reading Anne Spencer in the White Literary Tradition.” Callaloo, vol. 35, no. 1, 2012, pp. 228–44.

Kelsey, Catherine. “Nursing Humanities.” Medical Humanities, BMJ Blogs, 17 Apr. 2018.

Levy, Andrea. The Long Song. Picador, 2010.

Lewis, Matthew. Journal of a West India Proprietor. 1834. Edited by Judith Terry, Oxford University Press, 1999.

Livingstone, Justin. “The Meaning and Making of Missionary Travels: The Sedentary and Itinerant Discourses of a Victorian Bestseller.” Studies in Travel Writing, vol. 15, no. 3, 2011, pp. 267–92.

Lockyer, Bridget, and Abigail Tazzymant. “‘Victims of History’: Challenging Students’ Perceptions of Women in History.” Teaching History, no. 165, 2016, pp. 8–15.

MacDuffie, Allen, and Aubrey Plourde. “Introduction.” Texas Studies in Literature and Language, vol. 62, no. 2, 2020, pp. 123–27. Appears in a special journal issue on “Victorian Environments.”

Markovitz, Stefanie. The Crimean War in the British Imagination. Cambridge University Press, 2009.

Mary Seacole (1805-1881).” National Library of Jamaica, National Library of Jamaica, n.d.

Mary Seacole Statue Unveiled in London.” BBC News, 30 June 2016.

Mawbie, Darcie. “Nursing Lives in the Crimean War.” Florence Nightingale Comes Home for 2020, University of Nottingham, 7 May 2020.

McCaulay, Diana. Huracan. Peepal Tree Press, 2012.

McClintock, Anne. “Introduction: Postcolonialism and the Angel of Progress.” Imperial Leather: Race, Gender, and Sexuality in the Colonial Conquest, Routledge, 1995, pp. 1–17.

McCrae, Niall. “Mary Seacole: The Triumph of Ideological Narrative in the History of Nursing.” The Article, 13 Apr. 2019.

McMahon, Katharine. The Rose of Sebastopol. Putnam, 2009.

Mill, John Stuart. Autobiography. 1873. Edited by John M. Robson, Penguin, 1989.

Miller, John. “Postcolonial Ecocriticism and Victorian Studies.” Literature Compass, vol. 9, no. 7, 2012, pp. 476–88.

Mitchell, Koritha. From Slave Cabins to the White House: Homemade Citizenship in African American Culture. University of Illinois Press, 2020.

Mitchell, W. J. T. Landscape and Power. 2nd ed., University of Chicago Press, 2002.

Nguyen, Viet Thanh. “The Post-Trump Future of Literature.” The New York Times, 22 Dec. 2020.

Nixon, Rob. “Environmentalism, Postcolonialism, and American Studies.” Slow Violence and the Environmentalism of the Poor, Harvard University Press, 2011, pp. 233–62.

Olusoga, David. Black and British: A Forgotten History. Pan Books, 2016.

Paquet, Sandra Pouchet. Caribbean Autobiography: Cultural Identity and  Self-Representation. University of Wisconsin Press, 2002.

Pascoe, Bruce. Dark Emu: Aboriginal Australia and the Birth of Agriculture. Scribe, 2018.

Pennington, Heidi. Creating Identity in the Victorian Fictional Autobiography. University of Missouri Press, 2018.

Penny, Laurie. “Tea, Biscuits, and Empire: The Long Con of Britishness.” Longreads, June 2020.

Philip, M. NourbeSe. “M. NourbeSe Philip.” PennSound, University of Pennsylvania, 2017.

Pinto, Samantha. “‘The Right Woman in the Right Place’: Mary  Seacole and Corrective Histories of Empire.” Ariel: A Review of International English Literature, vol. 50, no. 2–3, 2019, pp. 1–31.

Poon, Angelia. “Comic Acts of Belonging: Performing Englishness in Wonderful Adventures of Mrs. Seacole in Many Lands.” Victorian Literature and Culture, vol. 35, no. 2, 2007, pp. 501–16.

Pratt, Mary Louise. Imperial Eyes: Travel Writing and Transculturation. 2nd ed., Routledge, 2008.

Rappaport, Helen. No Place for Ladies: The Untold Story of Women in the Crimean War. Agora Books, 2020.

Reading, Anne. The Journal of Anne Reading: From Florence Nightingale to Dorothea Dix and Beyond. Edited by Margaret Garrett Irwin, Trafford Publishing, 2006.

Rodis, Katherine Verhagen. “Vernacular Literacy and Formal Analysis: Louise Bennett-Coverley’s Jamaican English Verse.” Journal of West Indian Literature, vol. 18, no. 1, 2009, pp. 60–72.

Salih, Sarah. “Introduction.” Wonderful Adventures of Mrs.  Seacole in Many Lands, Penguin, 2005, pp. xv–lii.

---. “Mulattos in the Contact Zone: Mary Seacole and Ozias Midwinter.” Representing Mixed Race in Jamaica and England from the Abolition Era to the Present, Routledge, 2010, pp. 124–34.

Sanchez-Eppler, Karen. “Bodily Bonds: The Intersecting Rhetorics of Feminism and Abolition.” Representations, no. 24, 1988, pp. 28–59.

Sandler, Matt. “On Louise Glück, Minstrelsy, and Abolition.” Verso Books, 13 Jan. 2021.

Saunders, Patricia. “Defending the Dead, Confronting the Archive: A Conversation with M. NourbeSe Philip.” Small Axe, vol. 12, no. 2, June 2008, pp. 63–79.

Sayers, Andrew. Aboriginal Artists of the Nineteenth Century. Oxford University Press, 1994.

Scerri, Mariella. “Is Mary Seacole the New Mother of Nursing? - Hektoen International.” Hektoen International, A Journal of Medical Humanities, Hektoen Institute of Medicine, 2020.

Schaub, Melissa. “The Margins of the Dramatic Monologue: Teaching Elizabeth Barrett Browning’s ‘The Runaway Slave at Pilgrim’s Point.’Victorian Poetry, vol. 49, no. 4, 2011, pp. 557–68.

Schneider, Rebecca. “Publishing Anne Spencer: The Crisis, February 1920.” The UncommonWealth: Voices from the Library of Virginia, 19 Feb. 2020.

Schultz, Jane E. Women at the Front: Hospital Workers in Civil War America. The University of North Carolina Press, 2004.

Scott, Kim. Taboo. Small Beer Press, 2019.

Sharpe, Christina. In the Wake: On Blackness and Being. Duke University Press, 2016.

Shepherd, Verene A. Dear Mrs. Seacole: Groundings with Mary Seacole on Slavery, Gender and Citizenship (PDF). 21 Nov. 2005.

Simpson, Leanne Betasamosake. Dancing the World into Being: A Conversation with Idle No More’s Leanne Simpson. Interview by Naomi Klein, 6 Mar. 2013.

Sinha, Mrinalini. Colonial Masculinity: The “Manly Englishman” and the “Effeminate Bengali” in the Late Nineteenth Century. Manchester University Press, 2017.

Sleeth, Peter. “Mary Seacole: Disease and Care of the Wounded, from Jamaica to the Crimea.” Nursing Clio, 2018.

Spencer, Anne. “Life-Long, Poor Browning.” 1920. African American Registry, AAREG, n.d.

Spillers, Hortense J. “Mama’s Baby, Papa’s Maybe: An American Grammar Book.” Diacritics, vol. 17, no. 2, 1987, pp. 65–81.

Stone, Marjorie. “Elizabeth Barrett Browning.” Elizabeth Barrett Browning Archive, n.d.

Summers, Anne. “Pride and Prejudice: Ladies and Nurses in the Crimean War.” History Workshop Journal, vol. 16, no. 1, 1983, pp. 33–56.

Surai, Sumit. Mary Seacole. 2019.

Taylor, Jesse Oak. “Wilderness After Nature: Conrad, Empire, and the Anthropocene.” Conrad and Nature, edited by Rebozo Lissa Scheider et al., Routledge, 2018, pp. 21–42.

Voskuil, Lynn. “Victorian Plants: Cosmopolitan and Invasive.” Victorian Literature and Culture, vol. 49, no. 1, 2021, pp. 27–53.

Wald, Priscilla. “The Healthy Carrier: ‘Typhoid Mary’ and Social Being.” Contagious: Cultures, Carriers, and the Outbreak Narrative, Duke University Press, 2008, pp. 68–113.

Walters, Alisha R. “‘The Tears I Could Not Repress, Rolling Down My Brown Cheeks’: Mary Seacole, Feeling, and the Imperial Body.” Nineteenth-Century Gender Studies, vol. 16, no. 1, 2020, pp. 41–58.

Walvin, James. Black Ivory: Slavery in the British Empire. Blackwell, 1992.

---. The Zong: A Massacre, the Law, and the End of Slavery. Yale University Press, 2011.

Wells, John S. G., and Michael Bergin. “British Icons and Catholic Perfidy – Anglo-Saxon Historiography and the Battle for Crimean War Nursing.” Nursing Inquiry, vol. 23, no. 1, 2016, pp. 42–51.

Williams, James. A Narrative of Events, Since the First of August, 1834. 1837. Edited by Diana Paton, Duke University Press, 2001.

Williams, Raymond. The Country and the City. Oxford University Press, 1973.

Wittenberg, Hermann. “Race, Resistance and Translation: The Case of John Buchan’s UPrester John.” English Studies in Africa, vol. 54, no. 1, 2001, pp. 1–10.

Wolfe, Patrick. Settler Colonialism and the Transformation of Anthropology: The Politics and Poetics of an Ethnographic Event. Cassell, 1999.

Woods, David J. Valparaiso Bound! European Pioneers on the Pacific Coast of South America. Librería y Editorial Ricaaventura E.I.R.L., 2016.

Youngs, Tim. “Echoes of Empire.” Discovering Literature: Romantics & Victorians, British Library, 2014.

Site Illustrations

Anonymous Asante Artist. Wrapper. Mid-late nineteenth century. Textile and Fiber Arts, Smithsonian National Museum of African Art, 83-3-8.

Anonymous Fante Artist. Asafo Flag. 1910. Smithsonian Institution. National Museum of African Art, Textile and Fiber Arts, 88-9-1.

Anonymous Indian Artist. “Durga Killing the Demon Mahisha.” 1800s. Cleveland Museum of Art, Indian Art, Indian and Southeast Asian Art.

Baptism by John Chilembwe in Liberia or Malawi. c.1900. Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division, LOT 12573 <item> [P&P].

Bird’s-Eye View of the Great Cataracts of the Zambesi (Called Mosioatunya, or Victoria Falls) and of the Zigzag Chasm below the Falls through Which the River Escapes.” Narrative of an Expedition to the Zambesi and Its Tributaries  and of the Discovery of the Lakes Shirwa and Nyassa, 1858-1864, by David Livingstone and Charles Livingstone, John Murray, 1865, frontispiece.

Challen, Albert Charles. Mary Seacole. 1869. National Portrait Gallery, NPG 6856.

Cram, George Franklin. “Map of the Island of Jamaica.” Cram’s Modern Atlas, by George Franklin Cram, 1901.

Dance Blanket with Diving Whale and Raven Motifs. c.1880-c.1900. Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, 1961.568.

Gee, William. Carving Scene. c.1905. Museum of New Zealand | Te Papa Tongarewa, Wellington, New Zealand, Te Papa (GH007416).

Jennings, Martin, and Owen Blacker. “Mary Seacole.” Wikimedia Commons, 2016.

Jones, Owen. “Byzantine No. 3.” The Grammar of Ornament, Day and Son, Lithographers to the Queen, 1856, Plate XXX.

---. “Greek No. 8.” The Grammar of Ornament, Day and Son, Lithographers to the Queen, 1856, Plate XXI.

---. “Indian No. 4.” The Grammar of Ornament, Day and Son, Lithographers to the Queen, 1856, Plate LII.

---. “Indian No. 6.” The Grammar of Ornament, Day and Son, Lithographers to the Queen, 1856, Plate LIV.

---. “Persian No. 1.” The Grammar of Ornament, Day and Son, Lithographers to the Queen, 1856, Plate XLIV.

Jubilee Market, Kingston, Jamaica. c.1890s. MonoVisions Black & White Photography Magazine.

Kingston from Harbor. 1891. MonoVisions Black & White Photography Magazine.

Map of Southern Africa. South Africa and How to Reach It by the Castle Line, by Edward P. Mathers, Simpkin, 1889, opp. contents page.

Markino, Yoshio. “Earl’s Court Station.” A Japanese Artist in London, Chatto & Windus, 1910, p. 196.

Maull & Company. Mary Seacole. Wikimedia Commons, 1873.

McRae, Tommy. Hunting Scene. Australian Legendary Tales, by Unnamed Yuwaalaraay Informants, edited & translated by K. Langloh Parker, David Nutt; Melville, Mullen & Slade, 1896, p. 114.

Sims, G. R., editor. “In the Ayah’s Home (Hackney).” Living London: Its Work and Its Play, Its Humour and Its Pathos, Its Sights and Its Scenes, Cassell & Co, 1904. British Library, General Reference Collection 10349.h.12.

Susie King Taylor. 1902. Library of Congress, General Collections.

Tanner, Henry Ossawa. Crossing the Atlantic (Return Home). 1894. The Smithsonian Institution.

“The Death of Clotelle.” Clotelle; or, The Colored Heroine: A Tale of the Southern States, by William Wells Brown, Lee & Shepard, 1867, frontispiece.

The Lions and Brockton Point, Stanley Park. n.d.. Simon Frazer University Digitized Collections, MSC130-11067.

Turner, Joseph Mallord William. Slave Ship (Slavers Throwing Overboard the Dead and Dying, Typhoon Coming On). 1840. The Beal Gallery (Gallery 251), 99.22.

Tile/Header Image Caption

Owen Jones. “Byzantine No. 3.” The Grammar of Ornament, Day and Son, Lithographers to the Queen, 1856, Plate XXX. Public domain. The founding developers of Undisciplining the Victorian Classroom have selected this image and the others that illustrate the pages of the About section because the images convey two dynamics. First, the images show the ways that the British in the Victorian period were engaged in the process of collecting and taxonomizing materials from other parts of the world. Second, the images themselves also illustrate how the graphic designs from these non-British and, often, non-Western cultures stand as striking aesthetic achievements in their own right.

Page Citation (MLA)

“Bibliography.” Undisciplining the Victorian Classroom, 2021,